EMELYAN IGNATIEVICH BARYKIN
Hero of the Soviet Union
Emelyan Ignatievich Barykin was one of the organizers and leaders of the underground and partisan movement on the territory of the Gomel region during the Great Patriotic War, he is the Hero of the Soviet Union (01.01.1994). Emelyan Ignatievich was born on the 2nd of September, 1902 in the village of Trostnaya, Komarichsky district, Bryansk region. He had been a party worker since 1937.In August 1941 he organized the city partisan detachment "Bolshevik", participated in organizing the defense of Gomel, was one of the founders of the Gomel people's militia regiment. At the same time, he created an underground in the city: he planned safe houses, thought over a communication system, determined the places for laying material bases, took care of equipping sabotage groups with tar, mines, fuses, and weapons. After the German troops occupied Gomel, Barykin went to the Novobelitsk forest, where he became the commissar of the Bolshevik partisan detachment, while remaining at the same time a member of the Gomel underground regional committee, the secretary of the Gomel underground city committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks. Then created Komsomol-youth sabotage group, which later grew into a sabotage detachment, derailed 58 enemy echelons, blew up 87 cars, tanks and armored cars, destroyed many soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht.. On the 6th of February, 1943 at an expanded commander's meeting held in the Polesye forest, it was decided to transform the partisan detachments into brigades and unite them into partisan formations. Barykin became the chief of staff of the Gomel partisan formation. By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 1st of January, 1944 Colonel Yemelyan Ignatievich Barykin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal for exemplary fulfillment of command assignments on the front of the fight against the German invaders behind enemy lines and for the courage and heroism shown at the same time .... Since 1944, Colonel E.I.Barykin was in reserve. He continued to work as the secretary of the Gomel City Party Committee. Since 1948 he was elected secretary of the Baranovichi regional committee of the CPSU (b). He was the member of the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR since 1947. Awarded with the badge "Honorary Railwayman". Barykin died on March 25, 1951. He was buried in the mass grave of Soviet soldiers and underground fighters in the park on Truda Square. He was awarded the Orders of Lenin (01.01.1944), the Red Banner (1943), the Red Banner of Labor (1949), medals for the Partisan of the Patriotic War, 1st and 2nd degrees, other medals, and the Honorary Railwayman badge. A street in Gomel is named after Yemelyan Ignatievich Barykin. A memorial plaque has been installed on house No. 2. His name was given to secondary school No.3. Now it bears the name of Penyazkov.