Lenin square, 12

Building of Lenin ave.,
Gomel, Lenin ave., 12

The building is a rectangular 4-storey volume in plan. It is connected to the neighboring house №14 by a portal two and a half floors high, to which a colonnade leads. The portal is decorated with an arched passage with reliefs of sheaves of ears on round medallions on the sides. The facades are plastered, the main facade is divided into two tiers by a profiled cornice (under the windows of the 2nd floor). The decor uses stylization of classical motifs in the form of rhythmically elaborated details.

The first tier is treated with horizontal rust. The central opening of the entrance groups of the risalites is decorated with a portal with Corinthian columns and a rectangular entablature, relief medallions with flowerpots are placed above the side entrances. Segmental arched showcase windows of the first floor are topped with a keystone.

The plasticity of the composition of the facades is given by a number of loosened risalites. The axes of symmetry of the powerful side risalites are highlighted by triangular attics with a cornice with Belarusian ornamentation, on the upper tier – balconies (arched entrances, doric pilasters, cornices, lunettes with segmented ornament), and three-walled bay windows (round medallions with Soviet symbols – on the 3rd floor). Four risalites of lesser depth form the entrance groups of the lower tier. Their central parts form deep niches decorated with arched soffits with caissons and relief bouquets under them, loggias with balustrades.

The liberated parts of all the risalites are decorated with a rectangular shallow rustication, completed with a profiled cornice and topped with rectangular attics with pylons-acroteria. Semicircular balconies of the 3rd-4th floors are supported by semicircular modillions of acanthus.

Lenin Avenue (since 1960, formerly Zamkovaya Street (the end of the XIX century), Lunacharsky (since 1923), Komsomolskaya (since the 1930s)) was almost completely destroyed during the Great Patriotic War. The new building has formed a fairly integral architectural ensemble. One of its elements was the residential building № 12 with social facilities built on the ground floor, erected for the workers of the Gomselmash plant. The author of the project is the People's Architect of the USSR, King Vladimir Adamovich (1912 – 1980). The construction was completed in 1952 .

image001.jpgLenin avenue, house № 12. Photo of 1952.

image002.jpgLenin avenue, house № 12. Photo of 2012.

image003.jpgLenin avenue, house № 12. Photo of 2023.