Zharkovsky street, 28
of Zharkovsky str., Gomel, Zharkovsky str., 28
The brick 2-storey rectangular volume was built in 1919 in the style of historicism, which is based on a combination of various architectural trends. During the war, it was destroyed and recreated in 1950 with the preservation of the main stylistic features. In 1973, a 3-storey volume was added to it, after which the structure became L-shaped in plan.
The walls of the main facade of the part of the building erected in 1919 are equally plastered. The decor of the first and second floors combines rectangular windows (rectangular platbands with a wide apron, sandricks with a keystone – on the first floor-turn into frame panels and profiled sandricks on the second), forming vertical ribbons.
The symmetrical composition of the facade is formed by the shallow Central and lateral risalites of the ladder marches. Each of them is flanked by shoulder blades, passing into the decor of the attics. The arched completion of the atics of the lateral risalites is «suggested» by the deaf lunettes. The attic of the central risalite has a baroque shape and is decorated with an arched window. Large window openings of risalites, on the central volume additionally highlighted by a staircase binding, give the facade a solid look.
The current Zharkovsky Street appeared on the map of the city of Gomel in the 1820s. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the street was called pharmacy and was a private wooden building area. In 1923, it was renamed in honor of Azriel Abramovich Zharkovsky. he lived and worked in Gomel since 1915, in 1918 he was secretary of the Gomel Council of Trade Unions. He was killed in battles with Polish invaders in 1919 .
In July 1919, the People's Conservatory was established in Gomel. The institution is located on Apothecary Street (now the building is located on Zharkovsky street, 28). She had performing classes (piano, violin, cello, sacred instruments, solo and choral singing), composition, music history and aesthetics. The students were different in age and training. All the teachers of the conservatory had a higher special education. Among them-A. Egorov (the first head of the Conservatory, Soviet choral conductor, teacher and composer, professor of the Leningrad Conservatory), N. Nazarov (oboist and theorist), A. Turankov (Belarusian composer, Honored Artist of the BSSR), S. Zakharin, etc.
In 1920, the conservatory was reorganized into a state music school of the I and II levels. In August 1921, the State Music College (the modern Gomel State College of Arts named after N.F. Sokolovsky) was created on its basis. In December 1921, the second State Music School named after A. Rubinstein was opened. Russian composer and pianist A. N.Scriabin (Russian composer and pianist) was named after both schools in 1923. On November 12, 1940, on the occasion of the centenary of P. I. Tchaikovsky, the school received its modern name: «Children's Music School № 1 named after P. I. Tchaikovsky. I. Tchaikovsky».
At the moment, the children's music School № 1 named after P. I. Tchaikovsky continues to work in the building on Zharkovsky Street, 28.
Zharkovsky str., 28. Building.